Endemism in Crete reaches a percentage that varies from 10 to 50% of species, with the low percentage constantly increasing from year to year.
What does endemism mean, however? It means that there are exclusively specific organisms in a certain area, which implies a greater responsibility for their maintenance.
In absolute numbers, one can find 623 species of plants in Crete, with the native ones reaching 1742 and the imported 140, according to a relevant study.
2 of the 623 species are endemic to Crete, while 159 of the 1742 are also considered endemic.
The reasons that Crete is basically a micro-world of flora is its geographic isolation, the existence of many different biomes, the fact that glaciers never reached Crete, and because it serves as a crossroads between three continents; Europe, Asia and Africa.
Areas such as the White Mountains and some islets are home to many endemic species, essentially serving as an "invitation" for botanists from around the world to study them.
A walk in the plain of Chania – Platanias can convince anyone that Crete can produce everything and be self-sufficient. Citrus and avocados are some typical products of the plain, with the shift to this particular crop being almost universal. And yet... oranges are the ones that have marked the childhood years of every citizen […]
Between cheese and yogurt with a special taste, staka is a different dairy product in Cretan gastronomy. It contains quite a lot of calories and fat, but it makes up for it with a taste that transcends anything it accompanies. In its simplest versions, it accompanies fries or eggs, while it is used like fresh […]
The White Mountains... The Cretan Madares... Perhaps the most sung of mountain range of Crete. Where to start? From its plateaus, the imposing gorges, the wild ravines, or the legendary caves? In the White Mountains, one can encounter the most interesting of gorges for the texplorers of gorges in Greece; the largest and most famous […]
The quality of the Cretan olive oil, the "gold" of the Cretan land, as it has been characteristically named, is widely known throughout the world. It is a natural product that comes from the simple crushing of the olive, without extracts and enhancing additives. It is a product cultivated with care and passion. Cretan […]